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自然拼读规则之元音字母A的读音

一般来讲元音音标字母在英语单词中读元音音标,元音辅音字母在英语单词中读元音辅音,理论上每一个元音音标字母要有四种读音才可以考虑20个元音语素的读音必须。单独元音音标字母(不包括字母组成)在声调中的读音一般标准能够梳理为下表:

一、元音音标字母A在声调中的读音
1. 字母A读再开音

1)字母A在重读开音节中读字母音[ei ]:

name [neim] grade [greid] eraser [i'reisə] cake [keik] same [seim]table ['teibl] late [leit] favourite ['feivərit] face [feis] plane [plein] potato [pə'teitəu] skate [skeit] make [meik] lake [leik] take [teik] save [seiv] station ['steiʃən] tomato[tə'meitəu] safe [seif] gate [geit] snake [sneik] cage [keidʒ] baby ['beibi] paper ['peipə] famous ['feiməs] later ['leitə] radio ['reidiəu] patient ['peiʃənt]

2)字母A在重读开音节中读长音[a:]:

banana [bə'nɑ:nə] father ['fɑ:ðə] rather ['rɑ:ðə]

2.字母A读重闭音

字母A在重读闭音节中读[æ] :

map [mæp] bag [bæg] apple ['æpl] glad [glæd] hat [hæt] black [blæk] catch [kætʃ] hamburger ['hæmbə:gə] math [mæθ] rabbit ['ræbit] bank [bæŋk] accident ['æksidənt] happen ['hæpən] exam [ig'zæm] cabbage ['kæbidʒ] fact [fækt]

3.字母A读非重

1)字母A在非重读音节读[ə]:

American [ə'merikən] China ['tʃaɪnə] capital ['kæpitəl] husband ['hʌzbənd] hospital ['hɔspitəl] vegetable ['vedʒitəbl] laboratory [lə'bɔrətəri] library ['laibrəri] about [ə'baut] agree [ə'gri:]

2) 字母A在非重读音节读[i]:

orange ['ɔ:rindʒ] language ['læŋgwidʒ] manager ['mænidʒə] village ['vilidʒ] temperature ['tempritʃə] message ['mesidʒ] cabbage ['kæbidʒ] chocolate ['tʃɔkəlit]

4.字母A读协作音

1)字母A在W后读[ɔ]或[ɔ:] :

washroom ['wɔʃrum] watch [wɔtʃ] water ['wɔ:tə] wash [wɔʃ] was [wɔz] Washington ['wɔʃiŋtən]

2)字母A在S/ n前读[a:]:

class [klɑ:s] ask [ɑ:sk] past [pɑ:st] basket ['bɑ:skit] glass [glɑ:s] pass [pɑ:s] France [frɑ:ns] dance [dɑ:ns] fast [fɑ:st] last [lɑ:st] grass [grɑ:s] headmaster ['hed'mɑ:stə]

3)字母A在L前读[ɔ:]:

ball [bɔ:l] wall [wɔ:l] small [smɔ:l] tall [tɔ:l] all [ɔ:l] talk [tɔ:k] call [kɔ:l] walk [wɔ:k] already [ɔ:l'redi] although [ɔ:l'ðəu] hall[hɔ:l] salt [sɔ:lt] false[fɔ:ls] almost[ˈɔ:lməʊst] also [ˈɔ:lsəʊ]

5.字母A读音不规律音:

have [hæv] family ['fæmili] many ['meni] any ['eni] animal ['æniməl] madam ['mædəm] manager ['mænidʒə]

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