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自然拼读学习必备基础知识 没看过别说学过!

英国斯坦佛高校以前以电子计算机剖析英文字母与音位的对应关系,結果发觉17,008个常用语中——★84%的英文字母两者之间读音是彻底相匹配的★13%的英文字母两者之间读音不是彻底相匹配的★3%的英文字母两者之间读音的对应关系彻底没法预测分析。

学习培训自然拼读法功效:

*见词可以读

*听词能写

*不易忘却

*提升阅读文章和写作水平

中小学自然拼音法(Phonics)教学设计

第一节

1)先来了解二十六个字母所意味着的发音

A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h L l J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z

2)了解五个元音英文字母与21个辅音字母。

五个元音英文字母(a, e, i, o, u), 每一个发二种音:长音(其英文字母音)和短音 ,y没有英语单词开始时,一般被看作元音

英文字母发音——字母组合发音——英语单词发音层层递进,简单易学

       第二节:

短元音 a e i o u 的发音规律

※假如一个英文单词或声调里只有一个元音, 且元音没有结尾,这一元音一般发短音.

1)短元音:a [?]: bag cat mat map apple bat hat fan hand Stan happy

2)短元音:e [e] egg well red pen net hen bed bell best

3)短元音:i [i] lick six bib pig pin kiss ink hill

4)短元音:o [?]pot ox top dog fox box lost top

5)短元音:u [?] sun umbrella cup bus nut gun uncle under

※y在结尾 (做为元音解决):

1) 单音节词, 沒有别的元音,y发[ai]

y [ai]: my, why, fly spy sky shy cry my type dry

2) 多音节词, y发[i]

y [ i ] puppy dirty rainy sunny happy baby dizzy pony

ey [ i ] monkey turkey jockey donkey key hockey money

※假如一个英语单词或声调里只有一个元音,并且元音在结尾,这一元音一般发长音(其英文字母音) 如:me, she,hi, go, baby, table, we

e he me she we

o go

a baby table

i hi

 第三节:

一个英语单词或声调里有两个元音时, 一般来说,前面一个元音发长音(其英文字母音), 后面一个元音不发音.

长元音1:Magic E (奇妙的E) a-e ,e-e,i-e, o-e,u-e 发音规律

1)长元音:[ei]: a-e space cake snake lake plane name whale grape cage(café)

2)长元音:[i:] e-e these Japanese Chinese

3)长元音:[ai] i-e bite five nine kite mine nice ride side

4)长元音:[?u] o-e rose nose rope note pose home rode those

5)长元音:[ju:] u-e tube cube June cute huge

 第四节:

长元音2:ai ay ee ea ie igh oa ow oe ui ue发音规律

ai [ei] : paint pain tail rain nail maid jail rail

ay[ei]:ray say bay way hay lay may pay

ee[i:] : bee peel reeds eel see teeth jeep feet

ea[i:] : peanut meat eagle sea leaf pea peach tea

ie[ai] : tie pie lie die

igh[ai]:ight sight night tight light sigh fight high

oa [ou] : coat toast road boat coal goat toad soap

ow [ou] :yellow pillow row rainbow bowl window hollow low

oe[ou]: doe, hoe, toe

ui [ju:] : suit juice fruit

ue[ju:] : blue glue sue

第五节 带元音的独特读音 or ar ur ir er ear er发音规律

※ or[?:]:pork porch horse horn corn fork morning

※or[?:]:work worm world

ar[a:]:arm card arm car cart par(转 载于:wWw.SmHaIDA.cOM 海达 范例 网:自然拼读法教案设计)k garden farm

ur[?:]:hurt turkey turtle surfing nurse purse fur

ir[?:]:birthday circus dirty bird circle dirt girl

er[?:]:mermaid term her nerd serve

ear[?:]:learn earn earth heard

er[?]:sister brother marker rooster under mother winter

第六节 带元音的独特读音 单元音au aw oo ea all发音规律

au[?:]:august sausage sauce naughty autumn applause

aw[?:]:saw paw draw strawberry straw lawn

oo[u:]:moon zoo roof rooster spoon room boots food

oo[u]:book cookie woods wool hook look foot cook

ea[e]:head sweater sweat leather feather lead

all[?:]:wall fall ball call tall

第七节带元音的独特读音 双元音 ou ow oi oy ew 发音规律

ou [au] mouth out house count shout mouse

ow [au]:clown cow owl towel flower tower crown brown

oi [?i]:coin oil point noise poison coil boil soil

oy [?i]:oyster boy soy toy

ew [ju:]:new nephew newspaper few dew view

第八节 带元音的独特读音 双元音 are air ire ear eer 发音规律

are [??] : care share scare dare

air[??]: hairairrepair

ire [ai?]: fire wire

ear[i?]: near teardearclear year hear

eer[i?] : deer beer cheersengineer pioneer volunteer

第九节 辅音字母组成组成的一种单音

 1.ch sh wh ph th kn wr 发音规律

ch[?] :beach lunch cheese bench chair cherry church chicken

sh[?]:sheep shirt ship fish shoes dish push

wh[w]:wheel white whale wheat wheel whisper whip whistle

ph [f]:elephant photo telephone

th[e]:brother feather leather father mother (嘴巴放到左右牙中间,随后快速取回,此音一般在英语单词的正中间,后接元音)

th[θ]:thumb bathmat three thirsty mouth teeth thief bath 嘴巴放到左右牙中间,没动,让其留从舌头滑过,此音一般放到英语单词的开始或最终,归属于气音。

kn[n]:knit knob knee knife knock

wr[r]:write wrist wrinkle wrap wreath

 2.gh mb ck qu ge dge 发音规律

gh[g]: ghost

mb[b]: comb, lamb

ck [k]: quick, black sickduck luck lock check back qu[ku]: quite, quick, quit, quilt

ge[?]: page orange age

dge[?]: bridge vegetablejudge

3.bl fl pl cl gl 发音规律

bl: blue black blouse bloom bleach blanket blonde

fl: flat flu fly flame flute floor flag flower

pl: plane play plus planet platform plum plate plant cl: clock cloud clean clay climb close clap clown

gl: glove globe glass glue glasses

 4.br cr gr pr fr 发音规律

br: bright brook brim bride brown bread brick brother cr: crown crab cream crow crayon crocodile cry

gr: gray green grass grapes ground grow grandma

pr: prixe price prawn press prince princess pray

fr: frog frost Friday French fries fruit front friend frame

 5.st sc sk sp sm sn sl sw 发音规律

st: student stop steel story star style stand steam

sc: scare scab scar scold scan scoop scale

sk: skate skip ski sky skin skill skeleton skim

sp: spider speak spy spring spoon speed spray spin

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