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四级听力想要过200,你需要这些技巧!


英语听力新题目改革创新之后,长对话为四级听力考試的第一部分。长对话在考試中依然出現几篇,每章篇幅在290~350词中间,可是总的题数由原先的7道提升为8道,即第一段对话包括4道套题。长对话的选料一般是有关工作中商务接待、学校生活、社会发展、旅游交通出行等层面的內容。另外,近些年,长对话中还出現了人物采访、研讨类的场景。此一部分句子成分和內容不太繁杂,并且措辞也不会太难,可是十分口语体,这就规定学生务必融合语调、语气、习语等多种要素去了解对话的內容,在比较有限的時间内听得懂题型并抓准回答。

4大常见场景

1. 社会发展
社会发展类主题,一般是紧紧围绕某一社会发展话题讨论进行,讲话者彼此讨论分别对该话题讨论的了解与观点,进而碰触某一社会问题或是表明某一难题。一般涉及到的场景包含时尚购物、娱乐休闲、日常生活和时事热点等。

2. 学校生活
学校生活指在校内的一些话题讨论,这类主题与学员的学习培训与生活息息相关。它很有可能会牵涉到技术专业的挑选、课程内容与学校情况和教学效果、寝室的管理方法、工作或毕业论文、假期安排、学员中普遍现象的状况、老师学生对话或是学习中出現的难题等。

3. 初入职场工作中
初入职场工作中类主题关键涉及到应聘求职、招骋、招聘面试,及其工作计划或工作中出現的难题等层面的內容。而一般在听力考试中,初入职场工作中类主题的场景设定多以招骋、招聘面试、工作计划、工作中沟通交流及其做兼职为主导。

4. 采访新闻
采访新闻类主题关键就是指广播电台报导和电视机报导,所涉及到的报导內容比较普遍,在其中尤以社会问题和**恶性事件为主导,并且多见时事热点报导和人物采访。

4大设题点

1开头处设题

假如将长对话比成一场**,那麼开始处历年来是战略要地,而且长对话开始一部分一般会涉及到全篇中心思想
例1: What is the purpose of Doctor Jarvis Bastian’s experiment?
A) To test how responsive dolphins are to various signals.
B) To examine how long it takes dolphins to acquire a skill.
C) To find out if the female dolphin is cleverer than the male one.
D) To see if dolphins can learn to communicate with each other.
全文: W: One of the most interesting experiments with dolphins must be one done by Doctor Jarvis Bastian. What he tried to do was to teach a male dolphin called Bass and a female called Doris to communicate with each other across a solid barrier.
回答: D)。对话开始女士强调,Jarvis Bastian博士研究生所做实验的目地便是训炼雄鲸鱼Bass和雌鲸鱼Doris隔着固态阻碍物开展沟通交流,故D)为回答。

2信息集中化处设题

交谈彼此沟通交流最热情的地区通常也是设题的网络热点所属,而且由于其信息较集中化,通常会数次设题。因而要留意除开搞好听声前的浏览选择项、听声时的适度手记外,还必须对全部对话有不错的掌握,在关键点信息集中化的地区用心倾听。
例2: What were the dolphins supposed to do when they saw the steady light?
A) Press the right-hand lever first. C) Raise their heads above the water.
B) Produce the appropriate sound. D) Swim straight into the same tank.
全文: W: Well, first of all, he kept the two dolphins together in the same tank and taught them to press levers whenever they saw a light. The levers were fitted to the side of the tank next to each other. If the light flashed on and off several times, the dolphins were supposed to press the left-hand lever followed by the right-hand one. If the light was kept steady, the dolphins were supposed to press the levers in reverse order. Whenever they responded correctly, they were rewarded with fish.
回答: A)。对话中女士强调,假如出現灯闪,鲸鱼会先按左侧的杆杠,随后按右侧的杆杠;假如灯不断亮着,则是反过来的次序,即先后右左,故A)为回答。

3对全部对话的了解设题

关键考察对长对话的总体了解。一般 提出问题交谈人关键沟通交流了哪些內容,或某一方的见解、心态或行動。
这类题的答题根据关键有四点:
一是依据对话的开始分辨该对话的具体内容;
二是依据对话的末尾分辨对话的主题风格;
三是依据对话中数次出現的关键信息做有效的分辨;
四是根据浏览选择项开展有效的逻辑推理清除。
例3: How did the second stage of the experiment differ from the first stage?
A) Both dolphins were put in the same tank. C) Only one dolphin was able to see the light.
B) The male dolphin received more rewards. D) The lever was beyond the dolphins’ reach.
全文: W: Well, that was the first stage. In the second stage, Doctor Bastian separated the dolphins into two tanks. They could still hear one another, but they couldn’t actually see each other. The levers and light were set up in exactly the same way except that this time it was only Doris who could see the light indicating which lever to press first. But in order to get their fish, both dolphins had to press the levers in the correct order. This meant of course that Doris had to tell Bass whether it was a flashing light or whether it was a steady light.
回答: C)。对话中女士明确提出,在实验的第二阶段,二只鲸鱼被各自放到不一样的储水箱里,灯光效果和杆杠维持不会改变,但仅有Doris可以见到灯光效果标示数据信号,故C)为回答。

4结尾设题

同对话开始处一样,结尾也是设题的关键环节。结尾经常会出现某一方的见解、心态或未来的计划,因而结尾也是经常会出现的设题点

四级听力3大高分数方法

1留意汇总场景语汇

听力考试遵照真正的标准,即考試的原材料是现实生活中真正产生的场景。因而我们在训练的情况下,做了一篇对话的考题后,一定要汇总一下场景语汇,做一个纪录,之后再碰到相近场景,就拥有有关语汇基本和专业知识情况,听起来便会轻轻松松得多。另外,假如发觉同一场景下的新词新语,还能够加上进来。历经一定的练***家要发觉,英语听力对话的场景并不是没什么规律性的,有一些场景是经常会出现的。

2听前访问选择项,开展有效预测分析

塑造听前运用播放视频解题命令的時间迅速访问选择项的工作能力,那样做有两个作用:一是能够 带著对难题的猜想去听音频,提高听声的针对性和对有关信息的敏感性;二是能够 运用大家上边提及的场景语汇推断对话的內容。

3运用一些基本常识和潜在性规律性来猜题

我们在应试时要想尽办法多对了考题,针对这些在考试场上没法彻底听得懂对话內容的学生,下列这种基本常识和潜在性规律性就较为有效。实际上,说白了的潜在性规律性便是这些由应考大神汇总的、不一定科学研究却很好用的解题方式。
(1) 合乎生活小常识和奋发向上的选择项可能是回答。
例4: What did the woman threaten to do?
A) File a lawsuit against the man. C) Have the man’s apple tree cut down.
B) Ask the man for compensation. D) Throw garbage into the man’s yard.
题中问的是女士威协要去干什么。我们可以作出以下剖析:B)“规定男士赔付”,从常情上而言应该是有效的,但还不能叫作是威协;C)“把男士的苹果树砍光”和D)“往男士的院子里倒垃圾”通常是失去理智时才作出的事儿,能够 清除;而A)“将男士诉诸于人民法院”的作法则比较适合,既合乎常情,又能从一定水平上对被告方导致震慑,故A)最有可能是回答。
(2) 针对涉及到对话全篇的考题,抽象性强的选择项可能是回答。
例5: What lesson could be drawn from the accident?
A) Accurate communication is of utmost importance.
B) Pilots should be able to speak several foreign languages.
C) Air controllers should keep a close watch on the weather.
D) Cooperation between pilots and air controllers is essential.

题中问的是以这一安全事故中能够 汲取什么教训。这涉及到对对话全篇的了解,因此 大家就应当找抽象性极强的选择项。B)最先不符常情,次之也归属于关键点难题,能够 清除;空中交通管制员要高度关注天气状况,这归属于岗位工作职责以内,叫法过度实际,因此 能够 清除;C)航空员和空中交通管制员互相配合的必要性也无可厚非,因而也可清除D),故A)最有可能是回答。